WH – Question ( Từ dùng để hỏi ) trong tiếng Anh thường được sử dụng phổ biến khi bạn muốn hỏi người khác về cái gì (What), khi nào (When), ở đâu (Where),… Để hiểu rõ hơn về ngữ pháp, cách dụng hãy cùng Touchsky English tìm hiểu bài viết dưới đây nào.

WH – questions ( Từ dùng để hỏi )

Có hai dạng câu hỏi thường gặp: câu hỏi dạng Yes/No và câu hỏi dạng WH-questions. Câu hỏi dạng WH-questions là dạng câu hỏi bắt đầu bằng từ WH- bao gồm: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how.

Từ để hỏi thường dùng để hỏi về số lượng, thời gian, nơi trốn, con người … cụ thể nào đó.

 Dưới đây là danh sách các từ để hỏi và một số mẫu câu ví dụ:

Question words Usages Examples
What Dùng để hỏi về cái gì. – What are you doing?

– What do you think about the movie?

When Dùng để hỏi về thời gian. – When will the meeting start?

 – When are you leaving?

Where Dùng để hỏi về nơi chốn. – Where’s my bag?

– Where do you live?

Who Dùng để hỏi về con người. – Who do you love the most in your family?

– Who told you that story?

Whom Dùng để hỏi về con người ( là object của một động từ). – Whom did you see in the morning?  I saw Mr. Mark, my English teacher.

– Whom was Jim talking to? He was talking to Jack, his new roommate.

Which  Dùng để hỏi về sư lựa chọn. – Which one do you choose? The left or right?

– Of all the drinks in the menu, which one would you like?

Whose Dùng để hỏi về sự sở hữu. – Whose pencil is this? Is it yours?

– Whose books are these?

Why Dùng để hỏi về lý do / nguyên nhân. – Why did it happen? I didn’t understand.

– Why is he crying?

How Dùng để hỏi về thời gian phương thức / quá trình . – How can you explain this problem? Please tell us.

– How can you get here?

Làm thế nào để tạo mẫu câu hỏi WH-questions?

– Dùng với một trợ động từ – auxiliary: Wh-word + trợ động từ + subject + main verb …?

  • Trợ động từ dùng để bổ sung cho động từ  (không phải là động từ chính).
  • Trợ động từ thông thường bao gồm be, do, have. Một số khác là will, shall, would, can, could, must, should, may, might, etc.
  • Whatdo you do for a living?
  • Whyshould we read books?
  • Whenis she coming?

– Không có trợ động từ: khi từ hỏi WH thay thế cho chủ ngữ, Wh-word + main verb …?

  • Whathappened to Peter?
  • A bad accident happened to him today.
  • Whowon the game?
  • Tio won the game.
  • Whogave you this present?
  • My cousin gave me this present.

 Trả lời một câu hỏi có từ hỏi WH-questions

1. What

  • What is it?
  • It’s a table.
  • What color is your dress?
  • It’s purple.
  • What is your mom doing?
  • She’s cooking in the kitchen.
  • What do you think about the party?
  • It’s fun. I like the music best.
  • What will happen if our team loses this time?
  • We’ll be out of the game.

2. When

  • When will the train arrive?
  • The train will arrive in 30 minutes.
  • When does she get up?
  • She gets up at 6 am.
  • When did the party end?
  • It ended before 8 pm.
  • When are you going to visit James?
  • I’m going to see him tomorrow.

3. Where

  • Where do you live?
  • I live in Washington D.C.
  • Where are you going?
  • I’m going to the zoo.
  • Where’s the coffee bar?
  • It’s between the supermarket and the cinema.
  • Where did you leave my jacket?
  • I left it in my bedroom.
  • Where have you been?
  • I’ve been in the library reading books.

4. Who 

  • Who’s this?
  • She’s my new roommate.
  • Who wants to be a scientist in the future?
  • My sister does. I don’t.
  • Who would you like to travel with?
  • I would like to travel with my best friend, Kim.
  • Who told you that secret?
  • Jenny did. She told me everything.
  • Who do you like the most in this class?
  • I like Henry. He’s so friendly.

5. Whom

  • Whom should we talk to?
  • We should talk to the principal. She’s responsible for student issues.
  • Whom did you see yesterday?
  • I saw Kevin and his girlfriend.
  • Whom would you like to interview?
  • I would like to interview Mr.Patrick, the director.
  • Whom do we have to contact?
  • We have to contact the representative of that company.
  • Whom did you meet in front of the building last week?
  • That was Annie, my secretary.
  • Whom do you know in this class?
  • I only know Danny.
  • Whom are you going to invite?
  • I’m going to invite all of my classmates
  • With whom do you agree?
  • I agree with Henry’s team.

6. Which

  • Which shirt do you like?
  • I like the one with the big yellow star on it.
  • Which color do you choose?
  • I choose red.
  • Which part do you like the most in this story?
  • I love the 2nd part when the prince came and proposed to the princess.
  • Which is the longest river in the world?
  • That’s the Nile.
  • Which one is yours?
  • Mine is the biggest one.

7. Whose

  • Whose jacket is this?
  • It’s my mom’s.
  • Whose birthday is today?
  • It’s Jenny’s.
  • Whose pencil is on the floor?
  • That’s mine.
  • Whose team is better?
  • Will’s team is much better.

8. Why

  • Why don’t we visit him now?
  • It’s a good idea.
  • Why did you leave so early?
  • Because I didn’t enjoy the party.
  • Why do you think that he loves you?
  • Because he’s given me lots of chocolate on Valentine’s day.
  • Why do people celebrate Thanksgiving?
  • Because it’s a special day.
  • Why can’t I go to the cinema now?
  • Because you haven’t done your homework.
  • Why are you so late?
  • Sorry, teacher. I missed the bus.

9. How

  • How’s the weather?
  • It’s sunny and hot.
  • How do you feel?
  • I feel much better now.
  • How did you know him?
  • We were old friends.
  • How’s your new job?
  • It’s interesting. I enjoy it.
  • How often do you go to the movie theater?
  • I sometimes go there. I’m quite busy.
  • How far is it from your house to school?
  • Not too far. I walk to school every day.
  • How much did it cost?
  • It cost $4.
  • How many people are there in your class?
  • There are 30 of them.
  • How come you lost the game?


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